What Is Artificial Insemination (IUI and ICI)?

Artificial insemination in humans have grown in popularity as a major boost in helping  women and men with their infertility treatments since the ’70s.  There are 2 terms that are often used which involve placing sperm directly inside the woman’s reproductive tract. You may have heard of ICI and IUI before. There are distinct differences between the two.

What Is The difference Between ICI And IUI?

ICI, or Intracervical insemination, places the sperm NEAR the cervix. IUI the sperm is placed directly in the uterus and into the fallopian tubes to fertilize the egg.

Which Artificial Insemination Technique Is Right For You?

The most common AI technique used today by our fertility doctors is often intrauterine insemination (IUI). IUI offers certain advantages over ICI. This procedure is considered one  of the least invasive, alongside fertility drugs.

How Is Artificial Insemination Performed?

Artificial insemination, or AI, is a fertilization procedure in which sperm is artificially placed into a woman’s cervix or uterus. In order increase your fertility changes, semen is first “washed”, called sperm washing,  in a sterile  laboratory.  What this does is removes any extra unnecessary and potentially harmful chemicals. Once washed, The semen is inserted into the woman, and if the procedure is successful, she conceives. During artificial insemination treatment, the woman’s menstrual cycle is closely monitored using ovulation kits, ultrasounds, and blood tests.

Often simpler and less expensive than in-vitro fertilization (IVF), intrauterine insemination is an effective treatment for some forms of infertility. When combined with ovarian stimulation, IUI – which places sperm in the fallopian tubes – produces high fertilization success rates. As a form of artificial insemination, IUI is good for couples with unidentifiable sources of infertility as well as for couples in which the man has some sperm deficiencies or the woman has cervical mucus problems.

Intrauterine Insemination or Intracervical Insemination.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) involves placing the sperm (either the partner’s sperm or donor sperm) directly the female’s uterus, near the time of ovulation. Intracervical Insemination (ICI) involves placing the sperm in the females cervix. Intrauterine Insemination increases the chances of pregnancy because the sperm are placed directly in the uterus, and not in the cervix.

This improves the delivery of the sperm to the egg.