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What Causes Low Sperm Count?

What Causes Low Sperm Count?

Sperm provides half of the genetic material needed to form a new life. Sperm join with an egg to conceive a pregnancy. However, for some people, the amount of sperm in semen may be lower than normal. Low sperm count can interfere with attempts to get pregnant, although conception is still very possible.

Low sperm count can occur due to several factors. No matter the reason for your low sperm count troubles, the team of LGBT-friendly fertility doctors at the New York Fertility Institute can help.

With the support of today’s fertility medicine, you can find effective ways around your low sperm count problems. Talk to Dr. Majid Fateh and Dr. Khalid Sultan about your concerns.

Physical causes of low sperm count

Your sperm require healthy testicles, and functioning hypothalamus and pituitary glands, for healthy production. Sperm also have to travel through thin tubes to get from your testicles to your penis before ejaculation. Physical issues with any of these parts of your body can impede your sperm production, leading to low sperm count.

You might have a varicocele, or a swelling in your testicular veins. Varicoceles are common causes of low sperm count, and in most cases are reversible, although your sperm quality may also be negatively affected by this condition.

You could also be suffering from an infection in your epididymis or testicles, potentially related to a sexually transmitted infection like gonorrhea or HIV.

If you have an inherited chromosome defect, or undescended testicles, you may need professional intervention to support your fertility.

Medical problems and low sperm count

Many medical conditions and treatments interfere with male fertility, potentially leading to low sperm count.

Both malignant and non-malignant tumors can negatively impact male fertility. Treatments like chemotherapy often impair sperm production, as well.

Hormone imbalances can lead to impaired sperm production. And, if you have an autoimmune condition, your sperm could be damaged by your own attacking antibodies.

You should also know that celiac disease, a digestive condition, can also result in male fertility problems, reversible if you switch to a low-gluten diet.

Ejaculation problems and low sperm count

Some people experience a condition called retrograde ejaculation, a potential cause of low sperm count. When this occurs, semen enters your bladder during ejaculation, instead of emitting from the tip of your penis. 

You might experience retrograde ejaculation due to health conditions like diabetes or a spinal injury, or if you’ve had surgical interventions in your prostate, urethra, or bladder.

Some medications, including alpha blocker blood pressure medications, can also contribute to problems with ejaculations.

Lifestyle risk factors and low sperm count

Environmental factors, and personal choices like smoking tobacco or drinking alcohol, sometimes result in low sperm count. Watch out for lifestyle and exposure risk factors, such as:

Boosting male fertility and low sperm count

If you and your partner have been trying to conceive without success, get in touch with the same-sex relationship friendly fertility experts at the New York Fertility Institute today. Dr. Sultan and Dr. Fateh help you understand the causes of your male-factor infertility.

Interventions may be able to boost your sperm count. Or, if you have insufficient or impaired sperm, physician-assisted reproductive techniques remain available that could allow you and your partner to conceive.

Contact our Upper East Side offices in New York City, New York today. Schedule your confidential initial consultation over the phone, or book online now.

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