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Understanding the Common Causes of Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Losing one pregnancy can place stress on both your emotions and your physical health. Recurrent miscarriages or lost pregnancies can start to feel overwhelming. Around 15% to 20% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage, so you’re not alone. We define recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) as the loss of two or more clinical pregnancies.

When you feel overwhelmed, reach for information. At the New York Fertility Institute, located on the Upper East Side, New York City, our team of fertility specialists offers competent and caring support for patients trying to conceive or dealing with the after-effects of miscarriages or lost pregnancies. We can help you determine the reason or reasons why this potentially heartbreaking situation keeps happening to you, and work with you to find ways forward. Here are some of the most common causes for RPL we’ve seen in our practice, and what you can do to increase your chances of a positive outcome the next time you try for conception.

Genetic issues

If either you or your partner have genetic dispositions that could pass on abnormalities to your fetus, you may miscarry as a result. More than half of all miscarriages in the first three months of pregnancy may occur because of genetic problems on one end or the other. Genetic testing can help you determine if abnormalities have been causing your pregnancy losses.

Structural concerns

The structure and lining of your uterus make a big difference in terms of your ability to carry a healthy pregnancy. If you have RPL, you may be dealing with a number of underlying structural or biological problems, including:

If you have thyroid or adrenal gland problems, or a diabetes diagnosis, hormonal imbalances could also lead to insufficient development of your uterine lining during pregnancy, ultimately ending with miscarriage.

Situational problems

Even if your and your partner’s reproductive system are perfectly healthy, situations can still arise leading to one-time or repeated pregnancy losses. Several types of infections can result in miscarriage, including:

If you have chlamydia, it can harm fetal development, also potentially leading to miscarriage.

You could also be dealing with issues related to environmental toxins in the air around you, especially if you have regular exposure more than 20 weeks into your pregnancy. Some studies show that using marijuana, tobacco, caffeine, and alcohol can all potentially damage fetal development and increase your risk of miscarriage. If environmental concerns are causing your recurrent pregnancy loss, making changes might be all you need to end your heartbreak.

To talk to a member of the New York Fertility Institute about your recurrent pregnancy loss by contacting our Upper East Side office today. You can schedule your initial consultation appointment over the phone, or by using the online tool.

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